Patients, who are diagnosed with alopecia, or male pattern hair loss, are usually concerned by the disorder and immediately start searching for an effective treatment. The modern pharmaceutical market provides a wide range of solutions for all the conditions, and hair loss is not an exception. From a huge range of different remedies, it is important to pay attention to two most effective ones – Finasteride and Minoxidil.
Both medications are frequently prescribed to patients, who suffer from male type hair loss. Finding a correct drug is sometimes a complicated issue, so here you can learn the basic information about each drug. Considering the mechanism of action, active ingredients, promoted effects, adverse reactions and other things, you will make a right decision easier.
Specifications of Finasteride Intake
Finasteride is an ultimately effective medication and active ingredient of Propecia. The drug is exceptionally effective in reserving processes related to male pattern baldness. The remedy is offered in the form of oral tablets that should be administered on a regular basis. The success rate is over 65% in two years of constant treatment.
While alopecia is a rather spread condition, Finasteride is aimed at prevention of testosterone conversion into dihydrotestosterone that triggers the signs of male pattern hair loss. The hormone stimulates shrinking of the hair follicles, preventing the growth phase of the healthy hair cycle. As a result of the process, hair sheds, and you start losing them much faster than new ones can grow. Blocking the 5 alpha-reductase enzyme, Finasteride prevents this process, reducing the DHT concentration in scalp and blood levels for up to 80%.
As for the safety of the medication use, it is important to mention that Finasteride is exceptionally effective drug and if administered in accordance with the safety recommendations and instructions it is fully safe. However, several side effects have been reported, including itching, rashes, allergic reaction, erectile dysfunction, reduced libido, swelling, and others. Anyway, the symptoms are usually mild and easily preventable.
Minoxidil as Alternative Drug: Mechanism of Action, Expected Results, and Possible Adverse Reactions
Considering Minoxidil, it is an active component of the drug known as Rogaine. The treatment is available in the form of a topical solution, which is prescribed for the treatment of male type hair loss therapy. As a powerful vasodilator, the drug was originally used for the improvement of blood pressure imbalances. However, one of the side effects noticed was the positive influence on hair growth. Currently, Minoxidil is an effective baldness topical solution, which contains 2% Minoxidil but is still effective.
While the mechanism of the drug action is still unknown, it is believed to influence the blood vessels around the hair, advancing the supply of nutrients, thus, stimulating hair growth. Allergic reactions, skin dryness and irritation, headache, uneven heartbeat, vision impairment, chest pain and other complications can appear as a result of the medication intake.